The chairman of the German Bishops' Conference, Cardinal Karl Lehmann of Mainz, has spoken out against the legal equality of Christian and non-Christian religions in Germany. He said one should not overlook the mutual learning process between state and church that underlies the churches' position as part of the "good, public order". Criticism comes from Munster professor of public law, Christian Walter. One should not lead the conditions so narrowly that "only the Catholic Church can be a corporation under public law".
Lehmann emphasized that Christianity has not only shaped the history of Europe, but has also had an impact on European legal culture up to the present day. This could not simply be ignored. The chairman of the Bishops' Conference opposed an understanding of religious freedom that reduces this fundamental right to its function as a right of defense. This view leads to a false tolerance that treats all religions equally, regardless of the number of their members and their history. This aspect is "largely overlooked, especially in view of the granting of corporate status to Islam". Being able to act as a public corporation is "an expression of European cultural identity". According to Lehmann, it would therefore be unacceptable to grant corporate status "relatively arbitrarily.
Religious rights expert disagrees with Cardinal Lehma Christian Walter, a professor of public law in Munster, has contradicted Cardinal Lehmann's claim that German constitutional tradition and history give precedence to the Christian churches. Walter, who is an expert on the law of religious interception, criticized in the "Tagesspiegel" (Friday edition) that Lehmann was thus "one-sidedly accentuating one side of the so-called Weimar "Church Compromise, which the Basic Law has adopted as the applicable constitutional law. In 1919, the Left had renounced the separation of church and state according to the French model and agreed to the preservation of corporate status. "In return, however, access to corporate status was opened in principle to all religious and ideological communities," he clarified.Walter agreed with Lehmann's view that corporate status should not be granted arbitrarily. One may not lead "the conditions on the other hand in such a narrow way that – exaggeratedly said – only the Catholic church can be a corporation of the public right. I think that one should preserve the Weimar basic idea: One preserves what has grown historically and culturally and at the same time opens up to the new.
"Pofalla also against legal equality of Islam and Christianity CDU Secretary General Ronald Pofalla had also spoken out against a legal equality of Islam with Christianity in Germany. To do so prematurely would once again be an expression of misunderstood tolerance, Pofalla said in Berlin on Thursday.Pofalla also said that Islam and other faiths are an integral part of society. Numerous mosques bear witness to Germany's promotion of active community life, he said. Christianity, however, is a "central building block in the cultural heritage of Europe". Without it, the European social and political order would be incomprehensible. His party would therefore continue to fight for the prominent legal and cultural position of Christianity in Germany and Europe.